Peer Review and Plagiarism


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I conducted a search in Walden Library and settled on an article entitled A Typology of Consumer Strategies for Resisting Advertising, and a Review of Mechanisms for Countering Them in a journal entitled The International Journal of Advertising. The journal article could be found in the Taylor & Francis database at the following URL:

The first thing I did to check to see if this was a peer-reviewed journal was to make use of Waldens link to the Ulrichs Periodicals Directory, where a quick search of a journal title will show whether it is a peer-reviewed journal or not. The Directory lists every version of the journal and provides an icon of what looks like a referees uniform to indicate that the journal is peer-reviewed. The Directory showed that The International Journal of Advertising was indeed a peer-reviewed journal.

However, there were other ways that I could tell this was a peer-reviewed journal. I examined the abstract, considered the database, and the authors. There was information about each author on the database: all four of the authors were university professors and two of them had email addresses linked so that I could contact them if I so chose. I surmised that this journal was definitely a scholarly academic journal and most likely peer-reviewed. But of course I used Ulrichs Periodicals Directory to make certain that this was so.

The importance of using peer-reviewed journal articles as a scholar-practitioner in my particular field is that it gives me the opportunity to obtain data and information that has been reviewed by other academics and that therefore has been verified and authenticated by the . Peer-review is an important step in the academic research world because it means that your research has been subjected to a blind or . That means that if you submit your research to a peer-reviewed journal, it is examined by scholars in the field first before its contents are published. This serves to filter out material that is not fit for publication because it lacks merit, its study is not precise, its methods are dubious, its findings biased, or some other issue is at hand.

An example of a situation when material that is not peer-reviewed would be acceptable for a scholar-practitioner to cite would be when a scholar-practitioner is citing a primary source document, such as a personal journal, a newspaper, a diary, a letter, and so on. In these cases, the primary source document is a piece of data or evidence that can be of use depending on what approach or method the scholar is using to conduct research. Another example would be when the scholar-practitioner is citing a government organization or non-governmental organization that is world renowned. For example, when the Institute of Medicine publishes material on its website or when the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention publishes material on its website, these can be considered suitable sources of information because of the authoritative nature of the source itself. These organizations are well-known and highly esteemed and their documents are essentially peer-reviewed by thousands if not by hundreds of thousands of other professionals. Such sources offer scholar-practitioners access to information that might not otherwise be available, too, and can often serve as good springboards to even further research.


Managing police is a job that demands insights into what makes law enforcements stay committed to the job and what causes them to want to quit. What the evidence shows is that officers who leave the job do so for a number of different reasonsthe primary ones being: 1) because they feel they do not have the support they desire from their bosses; 2) because they sense that there is not a very strongly unified team of law enforcement officers in the department but rather a loose-knit arrangement of individuals mostly doing their own thing; and 3) because they feel that there is no room for them to move up in the organization (Jaramillo, Nixon & Sams, 2005). For these reasons, turnover rates in policing can be high if these three areas are not addressed by managementwhich is why law enforcement managers have to be aware of these issues if they are going to manage effectively and retain officers in their department for any substantial length of time.


Fransen, M. L., Verlegh, P. W., Kirmani, A., & Smit, E. G. (2015). A typology of

consumer strategies for resisting advertising, and a review of mechanisms for countering them. International Journal of Advertising, 34(1), 6-16.

Jaramillo, F., Nixon, R. & Sams, D. (2005). The effect of on

organizational commitment. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 28(2), 321-336.