Nail Houses and Ghost Cities of China

This paper will take a keen on the major geological matters such as demographic, ecological, as well as political presently before the People’s Republic of China. It will go further to recapitulate as well as scrutinize to discover whether ecological along with inhabitants matters in connection to the nail house as well as ghost cities deem to be the major problems in front of China then establish the Chinese government role in attempting to get a lasting solution to every issue and if at all the government reaction can entirely get to the bottom of this issue for the betterment of this great nation.

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In the largest part of current concern of Monu publication, phenomenon of nail houses in China has been brought on board by one fellow who unintentionally seems to have the unruffled noun (name) in history (Human Wu). And this makes the definition of the word or term nail house relevant, therefore a nail house is a Chinese word that associates to structures that the owners have obstinately declined to relinquish in favor of a bigger development projected in place of his building. In a situation where the developer is not in a position to purchase out the owner or force the owner out via subsidiary other means, the project is more often than not moved forward subjecting them to design changes which see them work in the region of those structures. As soon as this happens the structure formally becomes a nail house. These types of veer delightfully ridiculous structures are in existence in China as well as other parts of the world. The designation icon was blogged a propos profoundly in 2007, a period in which a great level restructuring in a central metropolis vicinity of Chongqing stumbled upon a nail house challenger in Wu Ping as well as her husband (Yang Wu).

Why is China coming up with great, proper designed ghost cities that are totally devoid of people? Google world photographs of China give a picture of city after city of huge multifaceted comprised of places of work, government structures, high-rise structures, housing towers as well as residences, all linked by systems of unfilled roads with various cities situated in China’s for the most part unwelcoming localities. Extraordinary as it is seen, pictures of the ghost cities subsequent to innumerable billions of dollars exhausted on their design as well as building discloses that not a soul subsist in them.

Structure after structure of empty buildings and residential houses not forgetting government structures as well as sports complexes remains totally deserted. The pictures are more of giant motion picture sets equipped to big screen apocalyptic movie in which several kind of a neutron war or bizarre ordinary calamity has eradicated persons form the surface of the world ending up leaving all that intact. Just to mention that one of these China’s ghost cities is as a point of fact situated right in the middle of Inner Mongolia desert. As we continue looking at these pictures brought about by business class, they totally show nothing beneficial to the said cities. With insiders estimating the number of vacant houses or homes to 64 million, as the number of this cities seen to be on the rise year in year out with an estimation of 20 novel such cities erected yearly at this nation’s huge swathes of gratis land.

Business Insider conjectured that these people need to plant their riches in some place, developers have strong-willed to construct, as a wealth storing place even if the Chinese constructing the said cities had no intentions of residing in them and there is no hope of them getting people to reside in them. There has been minimum GDP turnout from these cities as elucidated by on their report on the Chinese ghost cities. Illustration to Al-Jazeera television by one Patrick Chovanec who happened to be a business lecturer at Tsinghua University in Beijing touching on the GDP turnout and quoted that he did not get even 8% GDP growth that year. None has been willing to be associated with this, so the inducements in the scheme are to construct. Till now the occurrence of China constructing these highly structured ghost cities remains a mystery to absorb.

The consequence of this superfluous development is that perhaps there have been the primary settlement of evolution that are not practical to the position of being not viable, as variety of them having sky scrapping costs that makes it impossible for people to occupy them even if people could have been there as Anthony D. Poerio puts it on his website entry. He goes on to insist on the fact that money is not and will never be there or else the asset of an whole nation’s well-heeled would be completely undervalued except if China in the future gearshift a bigger potion of the globe’s riches the outlay of livelihood in the said cities becomes reasonably priced for them only.

Perceptibly, the said ghost cities are not being built in China for occupied purpose. As an alternative, they are developed to symbolize capital in an objective structure, as strange as that notion may appears, More exactly by taking a keen note at the said cities we observer the unqualified frontier of entrepreneurship as well as evolution. Or, conceivably extra purely, the clarification may deem simpler as conjecture.

The icon articulates to a twofold- barreled fortitude. Fortitude on the side of the property owner to hang on, as well as fortitude on the side of the developer to carry on with his project despite the nuisances. The arise town as well as supplementary blogs obtain immense concern in manuscript transient as well as ephemeral accomplishments of a capital modular schemes, supple vacuums, movable construction among others. On the other hand, this has to be with proper value, and now the big question remains that how many blogs seize attention in the precise converse as the Reside-Down town, relics of a new epoch that defend against the turbulent transformation of the present epoch devoid of taking note of the regular approach of densification, or some further kind of tastelessness for that matter.

Veeck, (2007) sees modern China as thriving. The huge socio-cultural, financially viable, ecological as well as political change presently phenomenon in China is depicted in an upbeat way as contained glimmered each capital, city as well as township to . Such transformation, on the other hand, has taken a role of mechanism for a variety of disputes in every of these vicinities. Matuszak (2002) distinguishes the degree to which discussable governmental factors can influence these issues. Miller and Spoolman, (2008) indeed described the China’s One Child policy as the most intensive, intrusive as well as strict family planning system globally. This system come in place in the year 1970s with the aim of reducing the tremendous population rise that has been more of undoing factor to this nations’ sustainability. In the course of bringing on inducement intended for merely bearing just a child as well as the support of belated nuptials plus extended duration connecting a child to the other, an projected birth of around 400 million have been contained ever since 1978 (Black, 2009). At the same time as the encompassing of China’s populace led to moribund deficiency intensity as well as enhanced healthcare along with literacy levels and all this came about due to land shortage brought about by the nail house as well as ghost cities.

Callan and Thomas (2007) affirms towns such as Shanghai along with Beijing as having been placed at the fore front over minor, countryside regions of China. Additionally, monopolization of Chinese environmental protection by the government has been real (Murray and Cook 2002). With institutions like Greenpeace perceived as a political menace and consequently observed in spite of the development ever since 2002, the matter of effluence still seen as prevalent. Consequently, China’s ecological predicament is at present not, and is not anywhere ending if not for the government becoming completely dedicated to embarking upon the subject as well as essential transformation in China’s growth path. China is currently experiencing a financial revolution with the reports from BBC indicating higher growth rates than anticipated.

On the other hand, as observed by Davies (2009), the financially viable gain is unequally dispersed, with a countryside-city carve up escalating to increasing disparities creating financial matters an extremely significant affair too (Davies, 2009). Mufson (2010) description at the commencement of 2010 as pertaining the extremely sky scraping house costs in various Chinese towns will escalate to a real estate render down, therefore rendering monetary issues at the front position of the significant tribulations that faces this great nation (China).

Moves toward to muddle through which such unenthusiastic monetary matters have been initiated by the government with the declaration of a variety of guiding principles as well as strategies to press forward the monetary growth of countryside by procedures like humanizing inequitable collective well-being programmes as well as investing $18 billion in farmer’s proceeds (France24, 2010; Lim, 2004).


Political dishonesty as a matter of fact has the capability to destroying the societal, substantial as well as monetary surroundings, manufacturing it as a fundamental predicament. Pei, (2007) sees into it that dishonesty or corruption as many people call it in a way challenges the legality of the government of China, stimulates social disturbances, take part openly to the increase in socioeconomic disparity, as well as weakening of China’s ecological security. Consequently, this entails that the political structure can have power over results in the said spots and that the tribulations China is at present undergoing can be determined by state exploit if China’s political as well as legal enforcement structures turn out to be justifiable as well as reasonable organizations. In spite of the by the government thrashes out the observation that corruption remains part of the system and by no means can it be eradicated.

Work Cited

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France24 China wealth gap widened in 2009: state media. Available at: 2010 [Retrieved on 04/05/2011].

Lim, L. ‘China’s wealth gap widens to gulf’. Available at: http://news, 2004 [Retrieved on 05/05/2011]

Matuszak, S. ‘1.3 billion problems for China’, Anti-War. Available at: 2002 [Retreived on 05/05/2011].

Miller, G.T. & Spoolman, S. Living in the Environment: Principles, connections and solutions. Andover: Cengage Learning. 2008

Mufson, S. ‘In China, fear of a real estate bubble’, The Washington Post 11th January. Available at: 2010 [Retrieved on 05/05/2011].

Murray, G. & Cook, I.G. Green China: Seeking ecological alternatives. London: Routledge. 2002

Pei, M. ‘Corruption threatens China’s future’ Carnegie Endowment Policy Brief 55, October 2007. Available at: [Retrieved on 05/05/2011].

Veeck, G. China’s Geography: Globalization and the dynamics of political, economic and social change. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. 2007

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