Managing Risks Associated With Stress

Describe how to and manage risks associated with stress

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Maintaining life balance requires happiness. Even during stress, an individual should not allow all the stressors to take a toll on him/her. Avoiding stressors is the most appropriate way of managing stress. Developing new habits could help remove and distract an individual from stressful situations, pressures and stressors, which is essential in managing stress permanently. In this modern world, individuals must learn to change and minimize their exposure to stressful situations. While this technique does not change the situations causing stress, it enables an individual to change his/her relationship and reaction to the stressful situations hence maintaining a life balance.

Early Warning Systems are often used to identify officers at risks of family violence. Describe how to use an early warning system to identify officers at risk of using excessive force.

Officers with personality disorders are at high risk of family violence. These officers have enduring and pervasive personality traits, manifested in paranoid, abusive, and antisocial tendencies. These conditions are likely to interfere with judgment and interaction with others especially when they perceive threats or challenges to their authority. As a result, they normally lack empathy for others. Officers with such traits do not accept responsibility or learn from experience for their behavior. They are at a high risk of for repeated family violence and repeated citizen complaints. As a result, they might seem to be the sole source of problems in the police departments.

2) Describe how sleep deprivation induces stress.

Regardless of occupation and age, lack of sleep will throw an individual’s system off balance. The body employs a series of prompts to deliver messages of stress. First, the brain releases hormones that prompt other stress hormones. These hormones make an individual feel stressed and can set the stage for stress-related illness for some time. This chain reaction can be broken by a .

3) Compare and contrast a 1983 action and Bivens action.

The Bivens action applies to constitutional crimes committed by private parties given they act within color of federal law. These tests are engaged to determine whether a private party acting within color of federal law or state law. Conversely, 1983 action operates to offer a cause of action for damages where federal institutional rights have been defiled. Unlike Bivens’ action, the state enacted the 1983 action to provide cause for action against a federal officer and not a private party. This means that Bivens action offers a right of action against an individual and not against private corporations or federal agencies. Despite the sharp difference, the same constitutional standards that apply in Bivens actions also apply in 1983 action.

4) Describe the relationship between deliberate indifference and training

If police officers receive inadequate training, it could serve as the ground for liability. Failing to train them encourages outright apathy to the civil liberties of the public with whom the officers come into contact. The focus of training must be on the adequacy of the program on tasks that the employee must perform, and if such limitation is justified for deliberate indifference. In addition, the identified deficiency in the training program will be attributed to the ultimate injury. Therefore, it can be justified that the deficiency in training causes officers’ deliberate indifference to their needs.

5) What duty of care is required for a police officer to engage in high speed pursuit of an

All officers engaged in high-speed pursuit of armed robbery suspect shall exercise due regard for the safety of all people. No call, tasks, or indecency justify the acts of disregarding public safety. Moreover, the duty of care expects police officers to demonstrate exemplary driving behaviors. All personnel undertaking such operations must adhere to as outlined in the code of conduct. The officers will minimize the use emergency warning devices consistent with both the safety of the public and legal requirements.

6) Did Cleveland Board of Education v Loudermill address procedural or substantive due process?

The case addressed that substantive due process was violated by the rules of the school board. It created a conclusive presumption that pregnant teachers executing their duties at any point of pregnancy would become physically incapable of executing their services.

7) What was the rule of law decided by Garrity v New Jersey?

In Garrity v New Jersey, the protection of a person within the Fourteenth amendment against coerced statements deters use in subsequent criminal proceedings of statements acquired under risk of removal from office, while extending to all, regardless of whether they are police officers or persons of the politic body.

8) Before embarking on change, effective leaders assess their organization. Why?

One of the most strategic leadership activities is assessing the organizational environment to understand the industry on which it operates. Before implementing change, this assessment will help leaders identify and interpret emerging patterns before becoming evident to competitors. In business, leaders are faced with environmental complexities, conflicting demands, and ambiguous solutions from multiple constituencies. In order to survive and thrive, leaders must have the skills of managing this environmental uncertainty and complexities before embarking on a change. Such strategic flexibility will give the organization the capacity to identify key changes in the external environment.

10) What is the role of a change agent during organizational change?

Change agents play two separate roles during organizational change: consulting and training. As a consultant, a change agent puts employees in touch with information from outside the organization or help members to provide information from within the organization. This helps workers find solutions to issues through analysis of valid information. In training, the change agent helps members of the organization to learn how to use the information to effect change. The with a new set of skills; the ability to retrieve, use and translate data to solve future problems.