In the viable setting of the economy, along with the increased modern movement has become an important issue for the effective running of any business. Human resource management developed from the idea of personnel management and personnel management came from manpower planning. The reflection of the alterations that have taken place in managing human resources has led to changes in strategic HRM. These reflections of the HRM system have jointly led the way for the emergence of strategic human resource management. SHRM has become critical in achieving a company’s extended objectives (Evolution of Human Resource Management, 2009).
Progression of Personnel management started during the 19th century. During this period there was an explosion in industrialization which has led to an enhancement in chartering. The pressure of trade unions and harshness of manufacturing circumstances called for the betterment of industrial circumstance. There was no specific department that was responsible for taking care of this issue; there were only welfare officers that came into being in order to manage the condition. Because the role of women increased, they began to be employed in modern industries where their work consisted of packing assembly and other regular jobs (Evolution of Human Resource Management, 2009).
The precise increase of personnel management began at some point during the First World War due to the reality that the amount of weapons being made increased so the amount of employees needed to manufacture them went up. At the same time the number of welfare officers also increased in order to look out for the employees. It also increased after the supply of labor increased in munitions factories as the need for welfare officers was made mandatory by government. Throughout the war women were engaged heavily in order to fill the void of men who left the factories in order to join the war. This lead to labor disputes among labor union to employ unskilled women. With the progression of the industrial revolution the factory system was invented which lead to a swell in working policies and regulations in regards to the increasing amount of workers. In the hierarchical configuration it also augmented the working hours but decreased the pay in poor working conditions, increased the social distance between employee and employers and increased bureaucratization of all factors, resulting in an increase in monotony. Because of these factors personnel management began to get a lot of attention. The function of HRM has become even more important since 1980. There has been an absolute transfer from post war socialism towards individuality along with changes in the arrangement of the financial system. A number of people believed that HRM had developed in order to resolve union problems as there was a new command to look out for employees within a company as it performed its special functions (Evolution of Human Resource Management, 2009).
The beginning of New Public Management within the public services area of a lot of countries has led to changes in epistemology along with new ways and practices for administering resources. With the arrival of New Public Management methods such as outsourcing, disaggregation and divestment of the public services into have been put into place by many governments in order to boost output and decrease cost within the public sector. It has also been documented that other resources like employees and how they are directed, has been in need of reform as well. This apprehension for appropriate management of human resources can be seen in one of the main tenets of New Public Management, which stresses the idea that managers should be free to manage as they see fit. This has in fact led to a radical effort on the part of various places to restore the previous systems of personnel administration with the new private sector scheme of human resource management (Bissessar, 2001).
Bissessar, Ann Marie. (2001). Differential Approaches to Human Resource Management
Reform: in the public services of Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved September 30, 2010, from Entrepreneur Web site:
Evolution of Human Resource Management. (2009). Retrieved September 30, 2010, from Articles Base Web site: http://www.articlesbase..html