Business Continuity and Service Restoration
The business continuity planning is the identification of potential external and internal threats that can lead to the disruption of the business process, which can lead to a loss of business infrastructures. In other words, the business continuity plan is the response of hazard that threats an organizational business process. The disruption of business operations can be predictable or unpredictable. However, the power outage and the minor network failures are minor problems that can disrupt business operations. However, a real disaster that can disrupt business activities is cyber attacks, flood, and theft of sensitive data. Business organizations can because of natural disasters, however, the goal of business continuity plan is to assist in recovery in the critical business process.
In the contemporary business environment, disasters are inevitable, and vary in magnitude and types. Disasters are defined as the abrupt destruction of business operations through natural disasters. To minimize the business loss, a business organization needs to develop a disaster recovery plan to enhance the business continuity. Natural disasters are the major adverse events that emanate from natural occurrences such as hurricanes, flood, volcanic eruptions, and tornadoes. Typically, natural disasters can lead to loss of revenues and halt business operations. Thus, a disaster is an event that can make business operations unusable and inoperable. The goal of disaster recovery or business continuity planning is to restore business operations in the face of major disruption. The business continuity plan involves identification of internal and external threats and provides the strategy to recover the business operations to enhance organizations business efficiency. The goal of business continuity plan is to recover the business activity in the face of outrage to recover business activities. Thus, the business activity assists organizations to minimize business loss, recover the business operations as well as replace or repair the damaged components or facilities as soon as possible.
The objectives of this business continuity plan are to design the recovery plan is to recover critical business functions in the event of natural disaster or man-made disaster.
The business continuity will be limited to recovery of the business IT facilities of the organization. The plan includes all procedures to achieve the business continuity to prevent a stop of the business operations. The scope of the plan focuses on the recovery of the business operations from localized disasters that include man-made or natural disasters. However, the scope of the plan will focus on the localized disasters such as flood and fires. The scope of the plan is not cover the major national or regional disasters such as war, earthquake, and nuclear holocaust.
The following assumptions are to be implemented to achieve business continuity:
There will be a backup of critical data between 5 and 7 days to restore the data center.
The plan will be properly updated and maintained.
Each department should maintain their business continuity plan.
Disaster Recovery Plan
This section discusses various procedures that will be involved in enhancing the disaster recovery planning. The first step to enhancing the recovery disaster planning is to identify the threats and risks that can lead to the unexpected disasters.The risk analysis is sometimes referred to the business impact analysis that involves evaluating the potential risks that lead to the disruption of business continuity. To start the risk analysis, the first process is to identify essential functions of business operations where a disruption of this business will lead to a financial loss. For example, the organization that offers the IT business operations, the data centers will be the top critical business operations to protect. Essentially, the data system risks are the type of risks associated with the damage of the IT shared infrastructures that , networks and software applications that can affect the organizational business operations. Thus, evaluation of should involve identifying the following subcategories:
Data communication network
Network and telecommunication systems
Virus Shared servers
Data backup & storage systems, and Software applications. (Pinta, 2012).
Alternate Business Site and Relocation Strategy
The next stage is to design the alternative business site such as alternative office facilities that will serve as a place where the organization will relocate their operations that will serve as an alternative business site. The strategy is short-term, nevertheless, it will serve the business purpose for some few weeks. The long-term strategy will require leasing a new business office or occupy another office building in the same city or metropolitan area.
Recovery Plan Phases
The strategies to recover the facilities of a business organization will be divided into four phases:
This phase starts when the natural events occur and decision to activate a recovery plan. The main activities that will be carried out in this phase are to implement the emergency response measures, damage assessment activities, notification of management, and disaster declaration.
The stakeholders put the business continuity plan into effect at this phase. For example, the business management reestablishes critical functions, and restores computer services. At this phase, the major activity is to assemble the recovery teams, relocation of backup site, interim procedures implementation, and reestablishing the data communications.
Alternate Site Operations
The management establishes the secondary facility operations at this phase, which continues until management restores the primary facility.
Transition onto the Primary Site
At this phase, the management makes all necessary activities transited to the primary facility location.
Vital Records Backup
Pinta, J.(2012). as part of Business Continuity Management Pinta, J. in Economics and Informatics. 3.4: 55-61.